Maybe it’s 1 a.m. and you just want the answer to “How to stop tooth pain.” If so, you need to find a dentist as soon as possible. There are many reasons why you may be experiencing pain in your mouth, and you’ll feel much better once you get a solution to the problem
What are the causes of toothaches?
Toothaches can be caused by something happening to your teeth or it could be referred pain from other parts of your body. Some common causes of toothaches include:
– Trauma to the face or jaw
– Drainage from sinus infections may cause tooth pain.
-Tooth decay that spreads deep and extends to the nerves in your teeth may cause pain.
-A broken filling might expose the nerve inside the tooth
-Tooth infection or abscessed tooth
-Food impaction between teeth
-Pericoronitis: Inflammation over the gum that covers wisdom teeth.
-Temporomandibular joint or jaw muscle disorders
– Gingivitis or periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease
-Bruxism: Grinding your teeth, especially at night
What Do I Do To Help Right Now?
You may have to wait to see a dentist, and you need a little relief in the meantime. Some home treatments that can dull your pain before you can visit your dentist include:
-Use over-the-counter pain relievers provide temporary relief from a toothache.
-Keeping your head elevated higher than your body will keep the blood from rushing & pooling to your head. The higher the blood flow, the more intensified the toothache will be.
-Try avoiding acidic, cold and hard foods before bed as they can trigger pain.
-Rinse your teeth with a mouthwash containing alcohol. It will disinfect and numb your teeth.
-Use a cold compress or ice pack before bed can help dull the pain.
When Should You Go to the Dentist?
Any toothache deserves an answer. Sometimes pain that diminishes can return with more intensity than the first time. Consult your dentist immediately if your toothache lasts more than two days, is accompanied by fever, headache, pain when opening your mouth, causes you severe discomfort, causes you trouble sleeping at night, or if you have trouble breathing or swallowing. If you’re having trouble breathing or swallowing, go to the ER immediately.
Depending on the cause of a toothache, your dentist will choose the best treatment for your condition. This may include:
– If the tooth decay is limited to the dentin, the cavity may be cleaned out and filled.
-If your tooth has cracked or fractured your dentist may repair it if it can be salvaged or suggest replacement with a dental implant or bridge.
-If you have referred pain due to a sinus infection that is giving symptoms of a toothache, symptoms will typically subside once your sinus infection goes away.
Stop The Pain and Live Again!
At Dentalchat, we’re here to help people get the care they need for healthy lives. Feel free to ask us a question or let us help you connect with our member dentists in your area. If you’ve had tooth pain, don’t wait for it to get worse or become debilitating. Make an appointment and get it checked soon!
Are you looking for a dentist? Do you have a tooth problem or tooth pain problem that needs immediate dental care at a local dentist’s office? There are hundreds of thousands of individuals who experience dental problems or need immediate dental attention – who do not have a local dental office that they have been going to. That is, there are many people that require immediate dental care and are searching for a dental office to be seen.
What to do, if a dental emergency happens – in the middle of the night and do not have a local dental office that you know to go to? Unfortunately, many people who have not been to a dental office for many months or several years, that end up with a dental emergency – have a hard time finding a local dental office to go to.
Finding a Local Dentist – Best way to Find Best Dentists Search Online Blog with us. DentalChat.com is a great resource for people to find local dentists in their time of need. Unfortunately for some, they can not find a local dentist in the location or area they are in >> in the middle of the night. These people may need to go to the Emergency Medical Hospital to get help. That is why people should be in regular dental exams with their local dental office.
Needing an immediate tooth extraction, after a dental emergency:
We have various things or dental treatments that do happen when people seek dental care during dental emergencies. Some people with tooth pain on a broken down tooth may end up having the tooth extracted. If possible, people like to save the tooth by doing root canal treatment. Sometimes, due to financial or because the tooth is not savable, the tooth is extracted.
There are options for a tooth that is extracted – such as getting dental implant treatment. Here is a link on Dental Chat about Immediate Dental Implant Treatment after tooth extraction.
We welcome local dental bloggers to contribute dental articles with us at Dentalchat. For dental companies, great time to network and partner with us.
Many people wonder what we do @ Dental Chat? What is the story or reason why DentalChat was created? The reason behind it is quite simple. DentalChat was created to help people with their dental care questions and to make their online dental search experience better.
DentalChat was created or founded by a dentist over a decade ago – like all innovations, nothing comes easy. DentalChat has a team of dentists, online professionals, great writer’s and a team of technology professionals to make it what it is today.
Posting emergency dentist questions online about tooth pain or toothache question asking local dentists with us at Dental Chat. What kind of toothache questions online we get asked at DentalChat?
- Where can you go on DentalChat.com to post your local dentist question?
- Here is the DentalChat Post link
We welcome your local dental question – ask us about cosmetic dentistry questions online or cosmetic dental treatment options online with us. Posting emergency dentist questions online and emergency dental questions online @ Dental Chat.
What kind of Emergency Dental Questions do we get at DentalChat? Two of the most common Emergency Dental Questions online we get asked is about Wisdom Tooth Problems and Bleeding Gum Problems / Gum Surgery Questions.
Many people are seeking cosmetic dental care to make their teeth look whiter and to have a nicer smile line. In this Dental Blog – We will be doing Cosmetic Dentistry Blogging about Dental Veneers & Dental Crown Chatting Online.
What is a Dental Crown? A Dental Crown is sometimes commonly referred to as a cap. A dental crown goes or is placed onto the tooth. The Dental Crown treatment is a dental procedure that looks to first trim the tooth (prep the tooth), usually followed by a dental impression of the mouth. This is followed by the dental impression being sent usually to a dental lab >> then a dental crown is placed onto the prepared tooth and help in with usually some kind of dental cement. The reason we are saying the dental crown impression is usually sent to a dental lab is because some dental offices fabricate the dental crown right there in their dental office with various types of dental machines.
What is a Dental Veneer or what are Dental Veneers?
Dental veneers are usually a thin porcelain type of shell that is placed usually on the facial part of the tooth. The tooth is usually prepared and then a dental impression is taken – then, the tooth has a dental veneer or dental veneers are placed on the front part of the tooth. Usually, dental veneers are done multiple teeth – at one time. Dental veneers are great for improving the shape and color of usually front teeth. If you have discolored front teeth or multiple larger incisal chips on the tooth or on front teeth, then dental veneers can possibly be a good choice. Have to be careful with dental veneers, since they at times do come off or fall off. This does not happen usually frequently, but it does happen to people from time to time.
There are new types of dental technology to do dental veneers, dental crowns or dental implants crowns- sometimes on the same day at the dental office. Most dental offices do send these cases out – and usually, it will take more than one session over a couple of days to do.
Cosmetic Dentistry Blog about local cosmetic dental procedures such as dental white tooth fillings (composite fillings) and Dental Crowns Blogging (tooth caps).
Do you have a dental question or want to know more about a broken tooth filling restoration? Here is a Cosmetic Dental Chat article on DentalChat.com – the link is
Ask us a tooth pain question or dental question about composite fillings at DentalChat. We are looking to help people with their dental questions online. We are at DentalChat networking with local dentists and dental companies – a great time to network and market online with us. DentalChat.com was created by a dentist looking to help people with there dental care. We have a great team of people who are looking to make more people smile about their dental care issues.
If you’re wondering how to fix a loose denture, you’re not alone. Millions of people wear dentures, and many of them wish they enjoyed the benefits of a better fit. Even a well-made denture only produces 20% of the bite strength of natural teeth. So, it’s not surprising that patients often find themselves wondering how to fix a loose denture.
Why Are They Loose?
The fit of a denture depends on several factors, and those factors interact to produce a certain level of function. First of all, the base of a denture and the teeth are made from acrylic. This plastic material doesn’t contain the same hardness as natural teeth. In some cases, porcelain teeth are used instead of plastic. But acrylic teeth are set into the denture most of the time and the plastic base sits over the gums. As bite pressure is applied, the denture compresses against the loose gum tissue that sits over the bone, and the denture moves.
Second, the plastic base sits over the gums and depends on the underlying jawbone for support. Many times, the bone resorbs and becomes shorter and less retentive. This anatomy causes the denture to move and come loose. It’s rare for a lower denture to adhere to the gums and ridges, and they tend to “float.” Bite pressure temporarily pushes the denture down before the muscles of the tongue, cheeks, and lips lift it up. The same problem may develop with an upper denture.
Third, a thin layer of fat can be found between the gum tissue and the bone. If a patient loses weight, a small amount of fat disappears from this area. That small change may be enough to loosen the denture and alter the fit, especially if a patient sheds ten pounds or more.
Options To Firm It Up
Most denture wearers long for the power of their natural teeth. While that may be difficult to achieve, there are options when you’re wondering how to fix a loose denture. Every case is different, but odds are that a poor-fitting denture can be improved. Here are 3 possible ways to fix a loose upper or lower plate:
Reline It: When the gums and bone shrink under the denture, it doesn’t take much to change the fit. If the teeth are still acceptable and not too worn, a denture reline may dramatically improve the fit of dentures. The dentist cleans the inside of the denture and uses it as an impression tray to capture the anatomy of the jaw. The impression material is placed inside the denture and set against the gums to accomplish this. Then, a model is made of your jaw and new acrylic is placed inside the denture to fit against the model. This helps fill space and adapt the denture to the current shape of the mouth.
Remake It: A new denture accomplishes the same aim as a reline, but it replaces the teeth also. If teeth are worn down or don’t look good, this may allow a patient to improve the function and appearance of their teeth while resulting in an improved fit.
Support It: Dental implants dramatically alter the fit and function of dentures. In some cases, placing just two implants under a denture can lead to “snap-in” denture that doesn’t move. The change in chewing, comfort, and confidence can lead patients wondering why they waited to make this step. In other cases, implants can be used to permanently place teeth that stay in all the time and produce nearly 100% of normal chewing with beautiful porcelain.
Make A Change
If you’re frustrated with a loose denture, odds are high that you can make a positive change. It may be as simple as reline of your existing denture. Or you may decide to look at implant solutions that bring you back to the way things used to be. Make an appointment with your dentist, or find one that can help you explore ideas to restore your smile. After all, the joy of a simple meal chewing your favorite foods is hard to measure. If you need help learning how to fix a loose denture, the team at DentalChat has you covered!
Many people do have some form of crowding and need some form of orthodontic treatment. There are people that naturally have straight teeth and very nicely aligned teeth. Other people, have more crowding and need orthodontics. Some of these people, would rather have straight teeth and seek out orthodontic treatment. These people who are interested in seeing an orthodontist or dentist, sometimes do not fully understand all that is involved in having straight teeth.
Braces for many younger people can be seen in many Western societies and having straight teeth is important for many parents of youngsters. Many children in middle school or high school, have their children seeking orthodontic treatment for their child. Fortunately, more options than ever exist for effective orthodontics including clear aligner systems with various online aligner companies.
Having straight teeth is for cosmetic reasons and for having better functionality. Having a nice smile is one clear benefit but there’s more to the bundle. Here are the four benefits – the 4 benefits to weigh when you’re trying to figure out what you should do with crooked teeth:
Straight teeth can be easier to chew and more functional:
Teeth work together in very specific ways. The front teeth rip and tear food, while the back teeth grind and crush it to prepare for digestion. This carefully balanced system fits together for ideal function. When teeth are rotated, tilted, or crowded, they don’t properly relate to each other, and that affects their function. But when they’re lined up, they tend to meet the opposing teeth the way nature intended.
Straighter teeth and less crowding can look better – orthodontic treatment blog:
Most people prefer having straighter teeth. While there are differences between cultures regarding appearance and desirable characteristics, a nice smile is usually preferred by most people. The natural harmony pleases the eye, and an orderly, balanced smile provides just that. By having the teeth straighter and more aligned, then it can be more attractive. Orthodontic treatment can vary from person to person. For one, a thorough dental exam, dental impressions, and proper dental x-rays should be done.
Having less crowding and straighter teeth – they can clean better and more easily:
Gingivitis and plaque go together hand in hand. Gingivitis and Bacterial plaque can quickly build upon the tooth surfaces and on teeth. This plaque sticky material can embed in little nooks and crannies, as well as the smooth surfaces of the teeth. When the teeth overlap or crowd into each other, plaque finds more ways to build up in a quick way. Once it mineralizes and forms tartar, removing it takes professional help. Straight teeth are simply easier to clean. The toothbrush passes evenly over the exposed surfaces, but there are fewer hiding places for plaque and food debris to linger.
Breath Better – Can possibly help in breathing in better:
Many research projects have been done on the benefits of straight teeth. Even if orthodontic treatment only provided cosmetic benefits, it would be worthwhile. The influence of a nice smile in business relationships and social interactions has been fairly well known over the years. A smile builds bonds by conjuring up feelings of trust, friendliness, and competence. This makes your smile one of the most powerful personal characteristics you can invest in.
Orthodontics Chat & Orthodontist Chatting Online – The key is picking or choosing the right dentist / orthodontist:
The key is to have the right or correct type of orthodontics done by the right dentist or orthodontist. As a patient, should clearly understand what kind of orthodontics and how long will the treatment plan take.
So, let’s go more in-depth about breathing-in easier. Crowded teeth can possibly cause issues in how a person breathes in and out. Ok, that may by not easy to understand why that is the case.. But crowded teeth often involve a high, vaulted roof of the mouth. This causes constriction in the nasal passages and constricted upper airways. One of the benefits of straight teeth may involve widening the roof of the mouth and opening up the airflow. Indirectly, breathing can possibly become easier through the process of orthodontic treatment or orthodontics.
Getting dental treatment – Get It Straight:
Many people need a good dental consultation with your dentist to consider the options for a better smile. This dental consultation should not only discuss the way the teeth will be straightened but various other things. This includes how long and costs involved. At Dental Chat, we can help you connect with a local dentist in your area! Find a Dentist / Best Dentist Directory Online at DentalChat.
Orthodontics blogging or discussing searching online for best dentists, we are discussing many dental topics on DentalChat. We welcome local dentist bloggers to contribute dental blogs to us.
Maybe you went to the dentist with a toothache or broken tooth and received bad news. Your tooth is cracked right through the center of it and you need to get it removed. In addition, your dentist recommends dental bone grafting at the same time. Maybe you’re not really clear if you really need it, which is why you’re here.
Losing a tooth creates a little stress for most people. They don’t grow back, and it can affect your chewing and your smile. It’s also “stressful” to your jaw bone, which is why dental bone grafting might make sense.
What Happens When A Tooth Is Removed?
It’s important to remember that removing a tooth is a minor surgical procedure. About two-thirds of a tooth sits in the bone, so we only see the top third. When it comes out, a hole is left behind.
This small wound fills in with blood, which forms a clot. Over a period of several weeks, cells from the blood and surrounding bone begin to form new bone. But the area starts out soft and hollow. That space allows the walls around the tooth to collapse inward, and the jaw shrinks in that area.
Dental Bone Graft Blogging – After tooth extraction, some people may require dental bone graft treatment. Here on DentalChat – can read a Dental Bone Graft Question Blog link. For those who have a missing tooth or may require a dental implant, good to understand what is Dental Bone Grafting Treatment?
Right after the tooth is removed, your dentist may be able to preserve bone and limit the amount of jaw shrinkage that occurs. By placing bone grafting material, your body gets a headstart on healing and building bone. As a result, the bone doesn’t collapse into the hole and your jaw is preserved.
Several different types of dental bone grafting material exist. And different methods work in different situations. For example, grafting receding gums is a different procedure and uses different materials than grafting after tooth extraction.
In most cases, the best form of grafting after a tooth extraction involves using ground cadaver bone. Yes, this bone is from donors and undergoes careful sterilization and preparation for use in specific cases. The bone is sealed and labeled with specific codes for each dose and tends to work well with your own system. It provides a matrix or framework for new bone to build around
Why Preserve Bone?
Placing dental bone grafting material helps maintain the regular shape of your jaw in the area where they tooth is removed. This can be useful for several reasons:
- Solid bone increases the successful placement of a dental implant. Implants provide an exceptional way of restoring missing teeth.
- A dental bridge looks more natural when it’s placed over a grafted area.
- Proper bone heights help preserve the stability of the teeth near the missing tooth. This helps prevent root exposure, gum recession, and sensitivity.
- Smooth, thick bone may help support a removable full or partial denture better.
Dental Bone Grafting: Summing It Up
If your dentist recommends bone grafting along with a tooth extraction, you might want to give it serious consideration. Preserving more of your bone and preventing unnecessary jaw shrinkage has a number of benefits over the long run. Plus, you’ll be better prepared to choose a dental implant if you decide that’s what you really want in the future. Be sure to discuss the pros and cons of this procedure with your dentist. And if you need help finding a good dentist, chat with us at Dentalchat and we’ll help you get connected! Do you have a Dental Implant Question to ask us? Here is the link to Post Your Local Dental Implant Question.
Choosing a new dentist may be a bigger decision than it seems at first glance. A relationship with any healthcare provider is a high-trust venture. But dentistry’s unique. Most of the time spent with a dentist involves their hands in a very personal space: Your mouth. And you ‘re allowing them to complete treatment that’s often difficult for you to evaluate from a technical perspective. You also trust they’ll tell you exactly what you see and what they recommend. So, how to choose a dentist takes a little thought.
Dentists are highly-trained, licensed professionals with a background in many of the same fields as a physician. In fact, dentists generally complete a bachelor’s degree at a four-year university before being selected for dental school. Then they spend four more years in a rigorous classroom, laboratory, and clinical curriculum. A board exam, including treating live patients, allows them to obtain their dental license. Often they complete crowns, fillings, cleanings, and other procedures with strict evaluation by examiners on every step. New graduates often continue on to a General Practice Residency, specialty training, or other advanced education programs.
What Makes the Difference?
After all this background training, you expect that all dentists are capable practitioners. By and large, that’s true. But differences in personalities, interests, and specific skills can differentiate dentists over time. Most importantly, some dentists continue to add hundreds of hours of education to their annual training. Others choose to complete the bare minimum.
At the end of the day, the goal is to find a dentist you feel comfortable visiting. If you’re new to an area or you haven’t seen a dentist in awhile, that can be challenging.
Tips For Choosing the Right Dentist For You
Here are a few thoughts to consider when you’re looking for a dentist. Often you’ll use a combination of methods to end up in the right chair.
- Ask Around. Word-of-mouth is tried-and-true. It’s hard to beat the experiences of others, and your family or friends will usually be straightforward with you about their dental experiences.
- Check Reviews. These days, online reviews work whether you’re buying a toaster or choosing a dentist. You can check Yelp, Google, Healthgrades.com, and more.
- Check Facebook Pages and Websites. If you’ve heard about a dentist, go to their social media and scroll through it. Spend a little time on their website and meet the team, watch their videos, etc. You’ll get a feel for the practice.
- Use Online Services. Services like DentalChat maintain vast networks of dentists who are interested in seeing new patients. You can chat with dentists, ask questions, and inquire about appointments in your area on a secure platform. This is a good way to find a dentist to learn more about using the other methods above.
Regardless of the way you go about choosing a dentist, it’s important you find one that fits your style, comfort, budget, and trust. Remember, if you’re not satisfied with your first dentist, you can always try another one until you find the right fit!
If you’re missing one or more teeth, it’s always worth exploring your options for replacement. A set of teeth work together to function in very specific ways. As a group they’re really looking out for each other, sharing the heavy load of chewing. When front teeth step outside the role of tearing food and end up grinding it like molars do, the wear and tear can accelerate their demise. Or if one side is intact and the other side is full of gaps, you can guess which side will do all the chewing and absorb the extra burden. On top of the functional problems, a happy smile just might not feel right to you. Smiles that should shine with warmth and confidence are quickly repressed.
Yes, missing teeth can even affect our personalities.
Partial dentures sit squarely on a list of options to fill in your smile.
An economical choice that can be made from a number of different materials. This appliance often works to replace one tooth or a dozen teeth. A partial denture made with a thin, lightweight metal base allows teeth and gums to be firmly bonded to it. These often last for many years and sometimes provide a foundation for other teeth to be added if they’re lost in the future. But a removable partial denture can also be crafted with non-metallic components. While this variation may not last as long, they can be an excellent alternative. Advancements in material technology give us more options than ever, and your dentist can discuss possibilities with you. You might want to consider dental implants as part of the plan, too.
How Does It Work?
A partial denture relies on the remaining teeth for critical support and stability. That means the condition of those teeth needs to be considered closely to make sure they’re up to the task. This includes the quality of the jaw bone holding the tooth which is a lot like the foundation of a house. When a foundation crumbles, it really doesn’t matter what the rest of the house looks like. Teeth aren’t much different. Your dentist evaluates numerous factors as together you decide if a partial denture is right for you.
A partial denture offers other benefits, including the ability to remove it and clean properly around your natural teeth. Serving as a single solution to multiple lost teeth, each appliance is highly customized for your mouth. This allows for a design that fits into the existing bite, color, and overall appearance of your smile. It’s also a solution that can be used for an indefinite period of time until you’re ready for a more permanent solution, such as implant-supported teeth. In some cases, an implant or two combined with a partial denture offers outstanding service as well. Partial Denture Blogging and Partial Dentures Blog with us at DentalChat.com. Local Dental Chat about Dentures with us. Denture Repair Blog link here at DentalChat. We are discussing Denture Repairs and ways of fixing Partial Denture Repair of broken dentures.
Despite the benefits, a foreign appliance can be difficult for some patients to tolerate even when made with as much care as we apply to the process. While it’s often hard to predict how each patient will adapt to a removable partial denture, your dentist can discuss the steps and design with you. Most importantly, they’ll cover your options and give you enough information so you can decide what’s best for you.
We did Partial Denture Blogging, Partial Dentures Chat and Partial Denture Treatment Blog in this article.
If you don’t have a dentist or you’re dealing with more questions about what to expect after tooth extraction, you’re in the right place. Find a Local Dentist or Find Dentists Near You with us. DentalChat provides the best platform to connect with licensed U.S.-based dentists. You can ask questions online and even connect with a nearby office that can help you with your needs. Feel free to jump on and see how we can help now or in the future!
Not so long ago, you had very few options if you lost a tooth. Today, dental implants often give you the best opportunity to return to the normal chewing and an intact smile after tooth loss. As you consider the possibilities, a few questions usually come to mind. Of course, you realize the long-term benefits of the procedure, especially knowing that you’re going with an option that will make your life better every day for years. But you might be wondering about the near future of the process. Many patients ask the question, “What is the dental implant procedure like?”
Dental Implant Information and Dental Implants Blog: What is Dental Implants and Your Dental Implant Procedure Info online blog. Dental implants have become one of the best ways to fix a missing tooth or more in the mouth. In the last 20 years, more and more people are placing dental implants into the mouth. The dental implant is a screw-like product that is kind of screwed into the jaw bone. There is a lot of dental planning and expertise needed to have dental implants placed into the mouth.
Dental Planning Always Pays Off
Your comfort should be the most important part of every visit. We take every measure to make that central to your dental implant experience. If we need to include specialists in our plan, work with a provider who shares the same philosophy as the specialists they work with. If you prefer sedation, seek out an office that offers it. To ensure success, it’s vital that a personalized road map is created for your return to full dental function. The best practices now use digital imaging technology and other records to guide the entire process. Good planning pays dividends in life…and dentistry. Also, make sure to get a good Local Dentist Consult about what the dental treatment plan will include.
You’ll likely be surprised at the experience during the placement of a dental implant. The modern dental anesthetic numbs the area profoundly so that you don’t feel anything when dental implants are placed into the jaw, and with experienced dentists, hands start placing the implant. A mini-guide hole creates a path for a small implant cylinder to be carefully placed and slowly threaded into the site. A smooth cover is placed over the implant that remains in place during the healing period.
There are many temporization options that are possible so you can smile confidently from day one. In some cases, a temporary crown may be created and delivered that day. Since every patient’s procedure is different, your dentist will help you decide what will work best during the healing period. Within a short time, the sterile implant surface begins integrating into the bone. The healing period usually lasts from 3-6 months as the implant bonds within your jaw bone. Most patients experience very little discomfort after implant surgery, especially when compared to a tooth removal procedure.
A Perfect Finish
After 3-4 months of healing, a crown will be custom-made and attached to the implant with a small screw or dental cement. Your dentist chooses from a variety of components that allow an optimal result when completing the final stage. Customizing the process of your tooth replacement from planning to the final placement of your new tooth makes all the difference in the outcome. Choose a dentist with experience and advanced education in the exciting area of dental implant technology. That choice will ensure you experience the best of modern dentistry! Ask Dentist an Dentist Question or Post Your Dental Question with us at DentalChat.com. Ask Dentists Dental Implant Questions and more.
If you don’t have a dentist or you’re dealing with more dental questions about what to expect after tooth extraction, you’re in the right place. DentalChat provides the best platform to connect with licensed U.S.-based dentists. You can ask questions online and even connect with a nearby office that can help you with your needs. Feel free to jump on and see how we can help now or in the future!